A wafer is a thin slice of semiconductor material that is often used in the manufacturing of solar cells.

Silicon Waer

Silicon Wafer

In order to get the material into the form of the wafer, the following steps are typically used:

  1. Purify the base material.
  2. Grow a single crystal of the material. This usually forms a cylindrical ingot.
  3. The ingot is then sliced into thin wafers.

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